Chronology

The Climate Security Chronology lists significant policy documents, reports and events by year. For a more extensive list of relevant research and analysis see the Climate Security Research Hub.

2016

2015

  • U.S. DoD: Report to Congress on Geographic Combatant Command responses to climate risks (PDF)
  • UN Security Council Arria Formula Meeting on Climate Change as a Threat Multiplier to Global Security (Documents)
  • U.S. National Security Strategy (PDF)
  • G7, A New Climate for Peace: Taking Action on Climate and Fragility Risks report (PDF)

2014

  • U.S. DoD, Quadrennial Defense Review (PDF)
  • U.K. MOD, Global Strategic Trends out to 2045 (PDF)
  • U.S. DoD Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap (PDF)
  • U.S. Navy Arctic Roadmap 2014-2030 (PDF)
  • IPCC 5th Assessment Report, Human Security Chapter (PDF)
  • U.S. Dept. of State, Policy Directive from the Secretary of State (announcement)
  • U.S. DHS, Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (PDF)
  • U.S. National Intelligence Strategy (PDF)
  • CNA Military Advisory Board Report (PDF)

2013

  • National Academies of Science Report, “Climate and Social Stress: Implications for Security Analysis” (PDF)
  • U.S. DoD, National Strategy for the Arctic Region (PDF)
  • U.S. Coast Guard Arctic Strategy (PDF)
  • U.S. NIC Natural Resources in 2020, 2030, and 2040: Implications for the United States (PDF)
  • NRC Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change: Anticipating Surprises (PDF)
  • Council of the EU, Council conclusions on EU Climate Diplomacy (PDF)
  • European Commission, Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council: The EU’s comprehensive approach to external conflict and crises (PDF)
  • Australia, National Security Strategy (PDF)
  • UN Security Council Arria Formula Meeting on Security Implications on Climate Change (Press Release)

2012

  • U.S. ODNI Global Water Security Report (PDF)
  • U.S. DoD Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap (PDF)
  • U.S. DHS Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap (PDF)
  • U.S. NIC Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds (PDF)
  • Harvard: Climate Extremes: Recent Trends With Implications for National Security (PDF)
  • NAS Climate and Social Stress: Implications for Security Analysis (PDF)
  • European Parliament, Resolution on the role of the Common Security and Defence Policy in case of climate-driven crises and natural disaster. (Resolution)
  • UK Climate Change Risk Assessment (PDF)

2011

  • UN Security Council Presidential Statement 6587th (PDF)
  • Defense Science Board Report, “Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security” (PDF)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Incorporating Sea Level Change Considerations in Civil Works Programs, (PDF)
  • U.S. FEMA, Strategic Foresight Initiative, Climate Change (PDF)
  • U.S. DNI Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community (PDF)
  • Council of the EU, Council conclusions on EU Climate Diplomacy (PDF)

2010

  • U.S. DoD, Quadrennial Defense Review (PDF)
  • U.S. National Security Strategy (PDF)
  • U.K. Strategic Defence and Security Review (PDF)
  • U.S. Navy, Task Force Climate Change, Climate Change Road Map (PDF)
  • U.S. DHS, Quadrennial Homeland Security Review Report (PDF)
  • U.S. DNI Annual Threat Assessment of the Intelligence Community (PDF)
  • CSCAP Study Group on the Implications of Climate Change, Memo 15, “The Security Implications of Climate Change” (PDF)
  • OSCE, Shifting Bases, Shifting Perils: A Scoping Study on Security Implications of Climate Change in the OSCE Region and Beyond (PDF)
  • Progress Report of the US Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force (PDF)
  • NATO SPS Workshop on Climate Change (overview/details)

2009

  • Establishment of the U.S. Navy Task Force Climate Change
  • UN General Assembly (climate security) resolution
  • U.S. National Intelligence Strategy (PDF)
  • U.S. DNI Annual Threat Assessment of the Intelligence Community (PDF)
  • UN Secretary-General’s Report Climate change and its possible security implications (A/64/350) (PDF)
  • U.S. Navy Arctic Roadmap (PDF)
  • Council of EU, Council conclusions on climate change and security (PDF)

2008

  • National Intelligence Assessment on the National Security Implications of Global Climate Change to 2030 (PDF)
  • Paper from the High Representative and the European Commission to the European Council on Climate Change and International Security (PDF)
  • U.S. National Defense Strategy (PDF)
  • U.S. NIC Global Trends 2025: A Transformed World (PDF)
  • U.K. The National Security Strategy of the United Kingdom: Security in an interdependent world (PDF)
  • European Commission: The European Union and the Arctic Region (PDF)
  • EU High Representative and European Commission to the European Council: Climate change and international security, Joint Paper to the European Council (PDF)
  • EU High Representative and European Council: Review on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy: Providing Security in a Changing World (PDF)
  • EU High Representative: Climate Change and Security: Follow-up recommendations by EUHR Solana (PDF)
  • The Joint Operating Environment, Trends and Challenges for the Future Joint Force Through 2030United States Joint Forces Command

2007

  • UN Security Council Debate on Climate, Peace and Security (press release)
  • CNA Military Advisory Board Report: National Security and the Threat of Climate Change (PDF)
  • Council of the EU: Presidency Conclusions (PDF)
  • Council on Foreign Relations, Climate Change and National Security (PDF)
  • German Advisory Council on Global Change: World in Transition. Climate Change as a Security Risk (PDF)
  • FOI Swedish Defense Research Agency, The Geopolitics of Climate Change: Changes to the International System (PDF)
  • A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Sea Power: Department of the Navy, the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard

2003

2002

  • German Ministry for the Environment: Climate Change and Conflict (PDF)

1990